Why whatch birds in Andalusia?

Andalusia proudly boasts an immense diversity of birds for a number of reasons: Its great amount of varied habitats and its relatively good conservation status. Added to this its position between Europe and Africa allows the opportunity to see birds of both continents and this a strategic point for bird migration. There are only a few places in the world that offer such diversity, experience and beauty for the dedicated lover of birds.

In Andalusia you can observe almost 450 species of birds. 53% of all European species may be observed in this region. This is literally a bird lovers paradise. An amazing 327 species appear regularly ( every year in greater or lesser amounts).

In addition to the diversity of species available in Andalusia, many are notable for different reasons.

These are as follows …


Place the cursor over the species that interests you to see the list of the various excursions we offer to observe them.

Iberian endemic species: (only found in a worldwide level in the Iberian Peninsula): Spanish Eagle, Iberian Magpie.

Nearly endemic (most of them are located in the Iberian peninsula with small population in surrounded countries). Iberian Green Woodpecker (recently separated from Green Woodpecker), Iberian Chiffchaff, Southern Grey Shrike.

Balearic endemism: Balearic Shearwater, they exclusively breed in the Balearic islands but throughout their migrations can be observed from the Andalusian coasts.

Very threatened species (their conservation status is unfavourable, some of them on a worldwide level): Northern Bald Ibis (one of the most threatened species around the world and recently successfully reintroduced in Andalucia) Great Bittern, Marbled Duck, Ferruginious Duck, White-headed Duck, Red-knobbed Coot and Dupont’s Lark.

African birds of recent colonisationBlack-Shouldered Kite, Rüppel’s Vulture, Cream-coloured Courser, Red-rumped Swallow, White-rumped Swift, Little Swift, Trumpeter Finch and Common Bulbul.

Only location in Europe (the Iberian Peninsula is the only place in Europe where these birds can be observed): Black-bellied Sandgrouse, Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (except of a small population in the South of France), Black Wheatear, Red-necked Nightjar, Western Olivaceous Warbler and African Reed Warbler (recently separated of European Reed Warbler).

Present only surrounding the Mediterranean Sea: Audouin’s Gull, Pallid Swift, Bonelli’s Warbler, Black-eared Wheatear, Spectacled Warbler, Subalpine Warbler, Western Orphean Warbler, Woodchat Shrike and Spotless Starling.

Best country in Europe:(these species can also be found in some regions of Africa or Asia, but within Europe, Spain is the best place to observe them):Purple Swamphen, Collared Pranticole, Gull-billed Tern, Griffon Vulture, Eurasian Black Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Bonelli´s Eagle, Lesser Kestrel, Little Bustard, Great Bustard, Great Spotted Cuckoo, European Scops Owl, Calandra Lark, Great Short-toed Lark, Lesser Short-toed Lark, Thekla Lark, Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin, Blue Rock Trush, Spanish Sparrow, Rock Sparrow and Rock Bunting.

Rarities(very scarce species but in some cases regular): Greater Spotted Eagle, Lesser Spotted Eagle or the Pallid Harrier.

Charismatics: such as Greater Flamingo, Golden Eagle, Eurasian Eagle Owl, European Bee-eater or European Roller.

It is also exceedingly possible to see the waterfowl and waders concentrations in the marshlands, such as Greylag Goose and Common Crane in Northern Doñana, or Glossy Ibis in Brazo del Este.

And, of course, in the southern corner of Andalusia, the chief attraction of the Strait of Gibraltar is that it is overflown by hundreds or thousands of White Storks, Black Kites, Griffon Vultures, European Honey Buzards, Booted Eagles, Short-toed Eagles, Egyptian Vultures

Click on the following link to see the entire checklist of Andalusian birds and the observation probability in every one of our routes.

Iberian Magpie

Northern Bald Ibis 

White-headed Duck 

Purple Swamphen 

Collared Pratincole 

Eurasian Black Vulture 

Lesser Kestrel

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