Checklist of the birds of the Strait of Gibraltar

Common nameScientific nameStrait of Gibraltar
Greylag Goose Anser anserW-
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadornaW-
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelopeW-
Gadwall Mareca streperaW-
Common Teal Anas creccaW-
Mallard Anas platyrhynchosY+
Northern Pintail Anas acutaW-
Garganey Spatula querquedulaM-
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeataW-
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufinaW-
Common Pochard Aythya ferinaW-
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligulaW-
Common Scoter Melanitta nigraW-
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serratorW-
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufaY+
Common Quail Coturnix coturnixM-
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicusY+
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseusM-
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouanM-
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicusS-,W+
European Storm-Petrel Hydrobates pelagicusW-
Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoaW-
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollisY+
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatusY-
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollisW-
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseusY-
Black Stork Ciconia nigraM+,W-
White Stork Ciconia ciconiaY+
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremitaS+,W-
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellusY+
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodiaY+
Great Bittern Botaurus stellarisW-
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutusS-
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticoraxY-
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloidesY-
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibisY+
Little Egret Egretta garzettaY+
Great Egret Egretta albaW+
Grey Heron Ardea cinereaY+
Purple Heron Ardea purpureaS-
Northern Gannet Morus bassanusS-,W+
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carboS-,W+
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelisY-
Osprey Pandion haliaetusW-
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleusS-,W+
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusM+,S-
European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorusM+
Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvusY+
Rüppell's Griffon Vulture Gyps rueppelliiY-
Eurasian Black Vulture Aegypius monachusW-
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarinaW-
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clangaW-
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennataS+,W-
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciataY-
Spanish Eagle Aquila adalbertiS-,W+
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetosW-
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilisY-
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisusY+
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosusS-,W+
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneusW+
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourusW-
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargusM+,S-
Black Kite Milvus migransS+
Red Kite Milvus milvusW+
Common Buzzard Buteo buteoY+
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinusY-
Little Bustard Tetrax tetraxY-
Water Rail Rallus aquaticusW-
Purple Swamp-Hen Porphyrio porphyrioY+
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropusY+
Common Crane Grus grusW+
Eurasian Stone-Curlew Burhinus oedicnemusS-,W+
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegusM+,W-
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopusY+
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosettaW-
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregariusW+
European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricariaW+
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarolaW+
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubiusM+,S-,W-
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticulaS-,W+
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinusY+
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopusW-
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquataW-
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosaM+,W-
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponicaM+,W-
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpresS-,W+
Red Knot Calidris canutusW-
Sanderling Calidris albaS-,W+
Little Stint Calidris minutaW-
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckiiM-
Ruff Calidris pugnaxW-
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferrugineaM-
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritimaW-
Dunlin Calidris alpinaS-,W+
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticolaW-
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimusW-
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinagoW+
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucosS-,W+
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropusW+
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropusM-
Common Greenshank Tringa nebulariaM+,W-
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareolaM+
Common Redshank Tringa totanusW+
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincolaS+
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactylaW-
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundusY+
Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus geneiM-
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutusW-
Audouin's Gull Ichthyaetus audouiniiS-,W+
Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalusW-
Mew Gull Larus canusW-
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscusS-,W+
Herring Gull Larus argentatusW-
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellisY+
Greater Black-backed Gull Larus marinusW-
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon niloticaM-
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspiaW-
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensisM-
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensisS-,W+
Little Tern Sternula albifronsM+
Common Tern Sterna hirundoM+
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridaM-
Black Tern Chlidonias nigerM-
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinusM-
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticusW-
Great Skua Stercorarius skuaY-
Razorbill Alca tordaW-
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arcticaW-
Rock Dove Columba liviaY+
Stock Dove Columba oenasW-
Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbusY+
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaoctoY+
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turturS+
Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandariusM-
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorusS-
Barn Owl Tyto albaY-
European Scops Owl Otus scopsS-
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo buboY-
Tawny Owl Strix alucoY+
Little Owl Athene noctuaY+
Long-eared Owl Asio otusY-
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeusW-
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeusM-
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollisS+
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melbaM+
Common Swift Apus apusS+
Pallid Swift Apus pallidusS+
White-rumped Swift Apus cafferS-
Little Swift Apus affinisS+,W-
European Roller Coracias garrulusM-
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthisS-,W+
European Bee-eater Merops apiasterS+
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epopsY+
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquillaY-
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos majorY+
Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpeiY+
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanniS+,W-
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculusY+
Merlin Falco columbariusW-
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteoM-
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonoraeM-
Lanner Falco biarmicusM-
Peregrine Falco peregrinusY+
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalisW-
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senatorS+
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolusS-
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandariusY-
Common Magpie Pica picaY-
Western Jackdaw Coloeus monedulaY+
Common Raven Corvus coraxY+
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatusY-
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleusY+
Great Tit Parus majorY+
Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinusW+
Wood Lark Lullula arboreaS-,W+
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensisW+
Crested Lark Galerida cristataY+
Thekla Lark Galerida theklaeY+
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactylaS+
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandraY+
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusY-
Sand Martin Riparia ripariaM+
Barn Swallow Hirundo rusticaS+,W-
Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestrisS-,W+
Common House Martin Delichon urbicumS+,W-
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis dauricaS+
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cettiY+
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatusY-
Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelliS+
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybitaW+
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericusS-
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilusM+
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenusM-
European Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceusM-
African Reed Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatusS+
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceusS+
Western Olivaceous Warbler Iduna opacaS-
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglottaS+
Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naeviaM-
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioidesM-
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidisY+
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undataY-
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillataS-
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillansM+
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephalaY+
Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensisS-
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communisM+,S-
Garden Warbler Sylvia borinM+
Blackcap Sylvia atricapillaY+
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillaY-
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytesY+
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaeaY-
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactylaY+
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolorY+
Common Starling Sturnus vulgarisW+
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatusM-
Common Blackbird Turdus merulaY+
Song Thrush Turdus philomelosW+
Redwing Turdus iliacusW-
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorusY-
Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotesS-
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striataS+
European Robin Erithacus rubeculaS-,W+
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchosS+
Bluethroat Luscinia svecicaW+
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleucaM+
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochrurosW+
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurusM+
Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilisM-
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitariusY-
Whinchat Saxicola rubetraM+
Common Stonechat Saxicola rubicolaY+
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenantheM+
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanicaS-
House Sparrow Passer domesticusY+
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensisY+
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanusY-
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrildY-
Dunnock Prunella modularisW-
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flavaS+
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinereaS-,W+
White Wagtail Motacilla albaS-,W+
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestrisS+
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialisM-
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensisW+
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinusW-
Water Pipit Anthus spinolettaW-
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebsY+
Brambling Fringilla montifringillaW-
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustesY-
European Greenfinch Chloris chlorisY+
Common Linnet Linaria cannabinaY+
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelisY+
European Serin Serinus serinusY+
European Siskin Spinus spinusW-
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlusY+
Rock Bunting Emberiza ciaY-
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulanaM-
Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclusW+
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandraY+

Y: Seen all year round.

S: It is observed only during the breding period.

W: It is observed only during the post-breding period.

M: It is observed only during their migrations.


+: easy to see in that area and period.

: difficult to see in that area and period.