Checklist of the birds of Grazalema and Ronda Mountains

Common nameScientific nameGrazalema and Ronda
Mallard Anas platyrhynchosY+
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufaY
Common Quail Coturnix coturnixS
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollisY-
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatusW-
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollisW
Black Stork Ciconia nigraM-
White Stork Ciconia ciconiaM+
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticoraxW-
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibisY-
Little Egret Egretta garzettaY-
Grey Heron Ardea cinereaY+
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carboW+
Osprey Pandion haliaetusW-
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterusS+
European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorusM+
Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvusY+
Rüppell's Griffon Vulture Gyps rueppelliiM-
Eurasian Black Vulture Aegypius monachusM-
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicusS+
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennataS-
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciataY-
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetosY+
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilisY-
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisusS-,M+,W+
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosusM+
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneusW-
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargusM-
Black Kite Milvus migransM+
Common Buzzard Buteo buteoS-,W+
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropusY+
Eurasian Coot Fulica atraY-
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopusS-
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellusW-
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubiusS-
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticolaW-
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucosW-
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropusW-
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellisM-
Rock Dove Columba liviaY+
Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbusY+
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaoctoY+
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turturS-
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorusS-
Barn Owl Tyto albaY-
European Scops Owl Otus scopsS-
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo buboY-
Tawny Owl Strix alucoY+
Little Owl Athene noctuaY+
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollisS-
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melbaS+
Common Swift Apus apusS+
Pallid Swift Apus pallidusS+
White-rumped Swift Apus cafferS-
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthisY-
European Bee-eater Merops apiasterM+,S-
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epopsY+
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquillaS-
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos majorY+
Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpeiY+
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanniS-
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculusY+
Peregrine Falco peregrinusY+
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalisY+
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senatorS+
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolusS-
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandariusY+
Common Magpie Pica picaY+
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxY+
Western Jackdaw Coloeus monedulaY-
Common Raven Corvus coraxY+
Coal Tit Periparus aterY+
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatusY+
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleusY+
Great Tit Parus majorY+
Wood Lark Lullula arboreaY+
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensisW-
Crested Lark Galerida cristataY+
Thekla Lark Galerida theklaeY+
Sand Martin Riparia ripariaM+
Barn Swallow Hirundo rusticaS+
Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestrisY+
Common House Martin Delichon urbicumS+
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis dauricaS+
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cettiY+
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatusY+
Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelliS+
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybitaW+
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericusS+
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilusM+
Western Olivaceous Warbler Iduna opacaS-
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglottaS+
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidisY+
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undataY+
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillataS-
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillansS+
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephalaY+
Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensisS-
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communisM+
Garden Warbler Sylvia borinM-
Blackcap Sylvia atricapillaY+
Goldcrest Regulus regulusW-
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillaY+
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytesY+
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaeaY+
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactylaY+
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolorY+
Common Starling Sturnus vulgarisW+
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatusW-
Common Blackbird Turdus merulaY+
Fieldfare Turdus pilarisW-
Song Thrush Turdus philomelosW+
Redwing Turdus iliacusW-
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorusY-
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striataS-
European Robin Erithacus rubeculaY+
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchosS+
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleucaM+
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochrurosY+
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurusM+
Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilisS-
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitariusY+
Whinchat Saxicola rubetraM-
Common Stonechat Saxicola rubicolaY+
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenantheM+,S-
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanicaS+
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucuraY+
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclusY-
House Sparrow Passer domesticusY+
Rock Sparrow Petronia petroniaY+
Dunnock Prunella modularisW+
Alpine Accentor Prunella collarisW+
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flavaM+
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinereaY+
White Wagtail Motacilla albaY+
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestrisM-
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialisM-
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensisW+
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebsY+
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustesY-
European Greenfinch Chloris chlorisY+
Common Linnet Linaria cannabinaY+
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostraY-
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelisY+
European Serin Serinus serinusY+
European Siskin Spinus spinusW+
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlusY+
Rock Bunting Emberiza ciaY+
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandraY+

Y: Seen all year round.

S: It is observed only during the breding period.

W: It is observed only during the post-breding period.

M: It is observed only during their migrations.


+: easy to see in that area and period.

: difficult to see in that area and period.